Anna Moneymaker / The New York Times
The United States scrapped talks with the Taliban, an insurgency fighting for control of Afghanistan, leaving the U.S. without a clear path forward in its war in Afghanistan.
President Trump has been eager to end the war in Afghanistan and secure a peace deal with the Taliban. After 9/11, the U.S. began the war in Afghanistan to go after Al-Qaeda, the organization behind the attacks, and the Taliban, the government that harbored and protected Al-Qaeda.
But, after a bombing by the Taliban that killed an American soldier, Trump said in regards to negotiations: “As far as I’m concerned, they are dead.”
This leaves the U.S caught in an awkward middle ground where they no longer want to be in Afghanistan but no longer have peace negotiations with the Taliban, leading to suggestions that the U.S. leave without a deal with the Taliban.
“Every outside invading power that I can remember having been involved in Afghanistan has eventually just left,” said Kelly Dolan, a Woodside history teacher. “And it didn’t always work out that well for the Afghans or the Afghan people, but Afghanistan is still there.”
The Soviets invaded Afghanistan in 1979, and remained there until the U.S.-backed insurgents called the Mujahideen pushed them out in 1989. Afghanistan soon fell into civil war, resulting in a faction of the Mujahideen taking control of the country. This faction, known as the Taliban, established the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, which enforced a strict interpretation of Islamic Sharia Law. The Taliban retained control of the vast majority of Afghanistan from 1996, until a U.S.-backed Afghan force called the Northern Alliance captured much of Afghanistan and forced the Taliban to retreat in 2001.
After the retreat of the Taliban, the Northern Alliance was able to establish an interim government, and the U.S. began reconstruction efforts in Afghanistan in 2002. The Afghan government was able to create a constitution and hold a democratic presidential election in 2004. The government, while fragile, has been able to hold three elections since the fall of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, and they are currently coming up on a fourth. Some worry that a withdrawal of U.S. troops could endanger the progress that the current Afghan government has made.
“That possible cost would have to be weighed against the cost of staying,” Dolan said, referring to the consequences of the U.S. leaving Afghanistan without making a deal with the Taliban. “Different people will think that cost is more or less acceptable depending on how highly they prioritize America’s interests and other western power’s interests over the interests of the Afghan people.”
Others are hesitant to leave with the Taliban in existence at all.
“I am encouraging the elimination of the Taliban because the Taliban is a terrorist organization,” Woodside senior David Husari said. “To negotiate with these people isn’t a smart idea.”
The U.S. State Department defines terrorism as “premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents.”
While the Afghan Taliban do meet the State Department’s guidelines to be designated as a terrorist organization, the U.S. labels them as an armed insurgency, most likely due to an interest in negotiating a peace deal with them in order to pull U.S. troops out of Afghanistan. Although many Americans want to withdraw troops from Afghanistan, some argue that further war may be the reality of the situation.
“I feel that there should always be a pursuit for a negotiation,” Woodside sophomore Saam Dezham said, “but… if war is the only option… then that’s a different story.”